The Leuser National Park has been recognised as a “World Heritage Site” by UNESCO. The Leuser Ecosystem constitutes the third largest tropical rainforest complex in the world, after Amazon Forest in Brazil and the Zaire Forest in Africa. Source of direct livelihoods, water supplies and food supply for more 4 millions people in Aceh and North Sumatra. Wide range of habitats including beaches, swamps, rivers, lowlands, highlands and mountains. The only ecosystem in the world where five rare wildlife species live side by side in the same region, i.e. the Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus), the Sumatran Rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatranus), the Sumatran Tiger (Phantera tigris sumatrae), the Malayan Sunbear (Helarctos malayanus) and the Sumatran Orang-utan (Pongo abelii). Hundred million dollar of economic value of environmental services.
Deforestation rate of 23,000 hectares annually. Severe depletion with the loss of more than 1,6 million hectares in the last 60 years. Poorly controlled infrastructure development and mining. Conversion of forest to tree crop plantations (palm oil). Settlement expansion. Smallholder encroachment, illegal logging, poaching and many more..