A. WORKSHOP PVA (Population Viability Assesment) Sumateran Tiger
Population number of big mammal in Sumatera such as tiger, elephant and rhino decreased in the last five years rapidly. It was derived mainly by combination factors of highly poaching and deforastation rate and weakly law enforcement. This condition delivers sumateran tiger conservation effort through preventing demography population as priorirty. Another consideration is conserving genetic population. Relocation of five sumatran tigers from Aceh to Bukit Barsan Selatan is the only one example of genetic exchange of sumateran tiger. Workshop of PVA (Population Viability Assessment) is a bridge and effort to collaborate all knowledge from different stakeholders in assesing viability of sumateran tiger population.
PVA workshop was innitiated by Ditjen KSDAE, Ministry of Environment and Forestry and Forum HarimauKita involving experts and activists of sumateran tiger. This workshop referred to the last first PVA workshop in 1992 held by Forestry Department and IUCN/ SSC Captive Breeding Spesialist Group. The main goals of this workshop were: 1) Estimating of current sumateran tiger population based on several conservation scenarios, 2)Modelling of population survival and 3) Arranging the best scenario practice for current population. It was held on 19-20 April 2016 in Bogor.
Leuser International Foundation (LIF) participated in this workshop as part of information sharing of tiger conservation effort in Leuser. Since it’s categorized as large landscape for sumatran tiger conservation as well as Kerinci Seblat, it was remarked as the best landscapes for sumateran tiger with extinction rate possibilty 2% (Kerinci Seblat) and 4.7% (Leuser-Ulu Masen). The most threaten factors of both landscapes in the death of tiger are poaching and human wildlife conflict.
Focus group discussion and all participants of PVA Workshop in Bogor
B. SMART PATROL TRAINING
SMART (Spatial Monitoring and Reporting Tool) Patrol is one of the tool to support RBM (Resort Based Management). This system was innitiated by world bank since 2012 and developed by several NGO’s such as WCS, ZSL, WWF and FZS for their patrol system. It’s reconstructed the previous system namely MIST (Management Information System).
In order to standarize patrol data system in conservation area, Wildlife Conservation Society-Indonesia Program conducted SMART Patrol Training in collaboration with BKSDA Aceh on 25-26 April, 2016. It’s held in Conservation Response Unit (CRU) Trumon which is authorized by Leuser International Foundation (LIF) in collaboration with BKSDA and local community to manage Trumon Wildlife Corridor. One of LIF staff participated in this training in order to preparing new sumatran rhino patrol team in Gunung Leuser National Park. By conducting SMART Patrol, it can help management in reporting system and objective recommendation in monitoring wildlife habitat and species. In the end of training participants had the opportunity to apply all techniques of navigation and data gathering by visiting Rawa Singkil Wildlife Reserve where it’s threatened by illegal logging activity. Material of training also included patrol planning, logistic management and patrol evaluation.
SMART Patrol Training at CRU Trumon and Field Visit at Rawa Singkil of Wildlife Reserve